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Vein Treatment & Sclerotherapy

Vein Treatment & Sclerotherapy


What are varicose veins?
The term varicose veins refer to abnormal and unwanted veins that vary in size from small spider veins up to larger bulging veins. Spider veins commonly occur on the legs, face and other areas. Varicose veins occur on the legs. Common symptoms include aching, leg fatigue and heaviness, itching, throbbing, night cramps, restless legs and ankle swelling. Conservative measures such as walking, compression hose and leg elevation typically temporarily improve these symptoms.

Do varicose veins serve any useful purpose?
In the vast majority of cases, varicose veins do not serve any useful function. In fact, they are unhealthy veins. Removal of these veins may actually improve circulation.

What causes varicose veins?
The causes of varicose veins are unclear. However, some factors have been identified that may contribute to the development of varicose veins: family history of varicose veins, female hormones (internally produced or taken by prescription), pregnancy, trauma, age, obesity, and prolonged standing.

What can be done to prevent varicose veins?
Since the causes are still undetermined, prevention of varicose veins is debatable. However, maintaining a normal weight, walking, limiting the use of external female hormones, and wearing supportive stockings may help limit the disease's progression.

How many varicose vein treatments are necessary to remove such veins?
The severity and extent of each case will determine how many treatments will be required. Please consult with Dr. Matta for a more thorough evaluation of your specific needs and to determine the best method of treatment for you.

What can happen to varicose vein disease if left untreated?
Phlebitis, thrombosis (blood clots), spontaneous bleeding and skin ulcers are complications of varicose vein disease. Also, if varicose veins are left untreated, smaller abnormal veins may increase in number and are associated with worsening symptoms.

What is sclerotherapy?
Sclerotherapy involves injecting a mild salt solution ( or stronger solution for larger veins) into the affected vein to cause it to shrink.

Is it likely to have the varicose veins reoccur?
Varicose vein treatment is aimed at clearing the existing problem veins. As you age, it is common for other veins to develop. Most often these are new veins, although treated veins could re-open.

When is varicose vein treatment not advisable?
There are contraindications to treatment. These include, but are not limited to inability to ambulate, increased risk of developing blood clots, pregnancy and significant medical illness. It would not be effective to use sclerotherapy in a patient with an inadequate valve in the higher veins.

What are the side effects?
Most common side effects include bruising and pain.  It is possible to get small skin ulcerations and secondary matting.  Serious complications are rare and are best discussed with Dr. Matta.


What to do Before Sclerotherapy Treatment
Do not drink alcohol or use Vitamin E, Gingko Biloba, Aspirin, Advil or other anti-inflammatory medications that can increase bleeding/bruising for three days before treatment. You may use Tylenol. You may use horse chestnut to try to improve veins naturally. Any weight loss will improve veins. Do not put any lotions or creams on the areas to be treated the day you come in for treatment.

What to do After Sclerotherapy treatment
Avoid alcohol, Vitamin E, Gingko, Aspirin, Advil or other anti inflammatories for three days after treatment. You may use Tylenol. Do not do any strenuous exercise the day of treatment.

Laser Vein Treatment
What to do BEFORE Laser Vein Treatment
Avoid tanning, including self-tanning lotions and significant sun exposure, for 4-6 weeks prior to treatment. Do not intentionally tan or spend a significant time in the sun without total sunblock (we suggest SPF 45, the higher the better). Your skin should be as light as possible before treatment.

On the day of your treatment do not apply any type of body lotion, oils, creams or perfumes. Keep the skin clean and free of any products.

For facial veins, do not have a Microdermabrasion within 2 weeks of treatment. If you use products that contain glycolic acid, retinoids, or retinols, stop them 2 weeks prior to treatment. Read the labels on all of your skin care products, including over-the-counter.

What to do AFTER Laser Vein Treatment
After the procedure you may experience some temporary redness and mild "sunburn" like effects that may last a few hours to 3 – 4 days or longer. Apply cold compresses/ice packs to the treatment area as needed

Pigment changes (light or dark spots on the skin) lasting 1 – 6 months or longer may occur.

Freckles may lighten and/or temporarily or permanently disappear in treated areas. There is the possibility of coincidental hair removal when treating pigmented/vascular lesions in hair bearing areas.

Coming Soon

Varicose and spider veins on the legs bother women from 17 to 70 years of age. Many things contriubute to the development of unsightly veins, including hormones, genetics, weight, activity and previous trauma just to name a few.

Treatment ranges from simple to more involved. If there is a known trigger, then it is important to fix the underlying cause, such as weight or birth control. For other veins that have no known cause, treatment options include sclerotherapy, compression stockings, laser or surgery.

Sclerotherapy involves injections of salt water directly into the unwanted vein. This irritates the lining of the vein causing it to collapse on itself. Each person’s case is different and some patients need one or two treatments while others require multiple sessions. Side effects are usually minor bruising, discomfort or swelling, but can include a potential worsening of the vein.

Unwanted veins can also be treated at our clinic through laser therapy.

The best approach is to have a consultation with Dr. Matta to assess your individual needs.

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Call the office at 905-790-6644 to book your assessment and develop a personalized treatment plan.

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